Normal flora of skin pdf

Normal flora of skin pdf
•Skin normal flora are generally harmless but it might cause bloodstream infections if skin was penetrated. HCWs HCWs must be particularly carful to keep there skin and • clothing free of transient microbes as possible to prevent personal infections and to avoid transferring pathogen to patient . Microflora of the EYES •The conjunctiva of the eye has primarily S. epidermidis, followed by
· Normal flora is the mixture of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) that are regularly found at any anatomical site of human body · They are found in areas like: skin, conjunctiva, respiratory tract, mouth , ears, urogenetal tract and alimentary tract.
The bacteriological studies of the skin around the epidural puncture site before and after the careful application of two disinfectants were made in 219 surgical patients without apparent skin
The resident skin flora is the physiological skin flora, also known as colonising flora. It comprises bacteria such as Staphylococcus epidermidis, propioni and corynebacteria, which do not have a pathogenic effect on the skin.
It is true regarding the normal microbial flora present on the skin and mucous membranes that: A. lt cannot be eradicated by antimicrobial agents B. It is absent in the stomach due to the acidic pH C. It establishes in the body only after the neonatal period D. The flora in the small bronchi is […]
The normal flora is a bacteria found in or on ones’ bodies on a temporary basis without causing disease. In that respect are larger numbers of bacteria than cells present in ones’ body. The human body contains around 1013 cells, whereas the human physical structure is home to around 1014
Benefits of normal body flora The synthesis and excretion of vitamins The prevention of colonization by other pathogens Normal flora can antagonize other bacteria Normal flora can stimulate the development of certain tissues The stimulation of the production of natural antibodies .
The bacterial flora of 33 babies at the moment of birth and 410 other newborn babies was studied, using a new contact-plate method. Although the skin of babies delivered by cæsarean section was sterile, the skin of the baby at normal delivery was colonised mainly by non-pathogenic staphylococci and diphtheroid bacilli.
bacterial flora of the normal and infected skin: a evaluation of various methods of performing skin cultures* donald m. pillsbury, m.d. and anna c. nichols, m.s.
The human microbiota is the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on or within any of a number of human tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, biliary and gastrointestinal tracts.
Bacteria that are part of normal skin flora may be introduced into the blood bag in association with a skin core that enters the collection needle at the time of venisection. 2, 19, 20, 62 This possibility was first proposed in 1991 by Goldman and Blajchman. 19 The removal of the first 10 to 42 mL of donor blood has been shown to significantly decrease the bacterial load in the collection bag
VOL. 43, 2005 NORMAL ORAL BACTERIAL FLORA 5723. obtained by using five to six additional sequencing primers (15) for those species deemed novel. For identification of closest relatives, the sequences of the un-recognized inserts were compared to the 16S rRNA sequences of over 10,000 microorganisms in our database and over 100,000 sequences in the Ribosomal Database Project (7) …
Home » microbiology » Normal Flora of Human Body, Skin, Respiratory Tract, Intestinal tract, Genitourinary tract, Eye Normal Flora of Human Body, Skin, Respiratory Tract, Intestinal tract, Genitourinary tract, Eye. A + A-Print Email. There are some species of bacteria and fungi that are permanent resident of specific sites of our body. Bacteria and fungi are included in the normal flora
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The term skin flora (also commonly referred to as skin microbiota) refers to the microorganisms which reside on the skin, typically human skin. Many of them are bacteria of which there are around 1000 species upon human skin from nineteen phyla.
Bact 330 Lecture 7 The Normal Flora of Humans Micrococci as found on human skin and nasal membranes
1. Definitions 2. Microbial habitats 3. Factors affecting growth 4. Identification 5. Important oral bacteria 6. Clinical examples 7. Flora in dental plaque
Normal Flora of the Skin Skin is constantly exposed to and is in contact with the environment, the skin is particularly apt to contain transient microorganisms.


Microbial Flora of the Skin Encyclopedia.com
Microbiology MCQ 51 - Normal flora of skin and mucous
A)What is Normal Flora gmch.gov.in
NORMAL SKIN FLORA 307 tested to find the most satisfactory diluent. These and other procedures resulted in the fol-lowing “standard technic” which was followed in the actual determination of normal skin
to the population of microorganisms that inhabit skin and mucous membranes of normal healthy oral cavity and GIT. The mouth is inhabited by an indigenous “normal” micro flora that is composed of over 500 species—th e majority still uncultivable. Certain microbial types are constantly found in the specific oral areas. These microbial types are referred to collectively as the normal
Normal flora: skin • largest organ – 2 m2 of area • unfavorable habitat for microorganisms – • has many areas subject to periodic drying
Normal Flora of the Skin The adult human is covered with approximately 2 square meters of skin. The density and composition of the normal flora of the skin varies with anatomical locale. The high moisture content of the axilla, groin, and areas between the toes supports the activity and growth of relatively high densities of bacterial cells, but the density of bacterial populations at most
and against the resident skin flora (Lowbury and Lilly, 1973). In the use of a detergent disinfectant preparation, such as Hibiscrub, conditions which were optimal for detergent cleansing cancelled the effects ofthe disinfectant component against super-ficial transient bacteria. In the assessment ofmethods for the removal of transient bacteria, the difference between results that might be
to the bacterial flora of the human skin, it might be well for investigators to emu- * From the Department of Dermatology and Syphilology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania (Donald M. Pillsbury, M.D., Director), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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Skin flora maps of a patient with severe atopic dermatitis. This is an example of an ecosystem with diseased This is an example of an ecosystem with diseased skin, but may not be representative.
Normal Microbial Flora of the Skin and Pathogen Bacteria from Stool Irence, J., Mohd Hafiz, A. Y., Nur Asma Fhadhila, Z., Nurul Syazwani, M. R., Ravichandran, J. R
The normal bacterial flora of the human skin has been a problem of interest of studies of the cutaneous flora, in terms of kinds of bacteria present and their.
1.3b Normal Commensal and Environmental Flora
Normal flora are the microorganisms that live on another living organism (human or animal) or inanimate object without causing disease. The human body is not sterile; we become colonised by bacteria from the moment we are born.
Skin Flora and Infection. Vol. 26, No. 1, January/February 2003 45 Human skin is composed of two major sections, the epidermis and the dermis (Figure 1). The epidermis is actually five layers with cells in different stages of maturation. The dermis, the thickest layer, is com-posed of elastin and collagen fibers, sebaceous ducts, sweat glands, and hair follicles. Microorganisms are found in
normal flora See flora. nor·mal flor·a (nōr’măl flōr’ă) Microorganisms that normally reside at a given site and under normal circumstances do not cause disease. normal flora Microorganisms including bacteria, protozoa, and fungi that are found on or in specific areas of the body. The skin and mucous membranes of the oral cavity
1.3b Normal Commensal and Environmental Flora. Microorganisms are everywhere in the environment and a rich population of microbes (particularly bacteria) reside on and in the human body and is referred to as normal flora.
not members of the normal skin flora, they are simply passengers form muco-cutaneous carriage sites and become opportunist pathogens if the normal skin defences are disrupted. When one or more of these protec-tive mechanisms is disrupted, the balance is tipped in favour of the pathogens. The processes that predispose to bacterial infection of the skin include: 1. Immunosuppression
Medicated soaps on some normal Micro-flora of the human skin 342 Materials In this investigation, materials used include incubator set at 370C, autoclave, reflected and transmitted light
Naturally a part of the normal human skin flora it is no surprise that S. epidermidis is found in the outer ear due to the similarity in environments between the auricle and the rest of the human skin.
Normal Flora Essay Example for Free Research Papers ᐈ
Normal flora can be found in many sites of the human body including the skin (especially the moist areas, such as the groin and between the toes), respiratory tract (particularly the nose), urinary tract, and the digestive tract (primarily the mouth and the colon). On the other hand, areas of the body such as the brain, the circulatory system and the lungs are intended to remain sterile
The normal skin flora use these factors to their survival advantage and live in a symbiotic relationship with the human skin. These microbes have evolved a competitive advantage over the transient skin flora. Under certain circumstances, normal skin flora can become pathogenic and cause overt skin …
An investigation was undertaken to visualize the location of bacteria in normal human skin. Samples of normal skin were used from forehead, posterior neck, upper back, scalp, anterior forearm, abdomen, pubic area, leg, and toewebs.
Normal flora of the skin: Benefit Inhibit fungal growth (athlete’s foot) Harm Body odor Acne Opportunistic infections. Normal flora – Conjunctiva Variety of bacteria: low numbers present High moisture Blinking mechanically removes bacteria Lachrymal secretions include lysozyme. Normal flora –UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT SITE COMMON/ MEDICALLY IMPORTANT ORGANISMS LESS …
MICROBES AND YOU NORMAL FLORA SCQ
Coil, however, is incriminated as a pathogen; it occurs on the skin of the perineum and genitalia and frequently infects wounds that become contaminated with urine or faeces 8, Candida alicam is a member of normal flora of vagina 9.
Fungi. Malasezzia are commonly found all over the body except for the feet. They are more numerous in oily areas, as described above. Viruses. Very little is known about the prevalence of viruses on normal skin.
Bacterial Flora of Fishes: A Review Marian M. Cahill Department of Microbiology, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4067, Australia Abstract. Bacterial floras isolated from eggs, skin, gills, and intestines have been described for a limited number of fish species. Generally, the range of bacterial genera isolated is related to the aquatic habitat of the fish and varies with factors
determine the normal skin flora in a population group similar to that affected by diaper derma ¬ titis. None of these infants suffered from diar¬ rhea nor had a recent history of diaper der¬ matitis. Meticulous inspection at the time of sampling showed no signs of skin irritation. Accepted for publication Oct 7, 1970. From the departments of dermatology (Dr. Montes and Miss Narkates
The normal flora of humans consists of a few eucaryotic fungi and protists, but bacteria are the most numerous and obvious microbial components of the normal flora. Figure 1. Gram stain of a species of Micrococcus, commonly isolated from the skin and nasal membranes of humans.
Low-virulence S. aureus strains belong to the normal skin flora and usually cause problems through wound infection. Specific high-virulence S. aureus strains are highly contagious to other rabbits. Transmission can be direct or indirect and can occur through cages, hair, or feed.
Normal flora of Skin 1. WHAT IS NORMAL FLORA ? mixture of microorganisms regularly found at on / within the body of a healthy person. Some of these microorganisms are found in association with humans / animals only. 2. Normal Flora • Definition Normal flora is the mixture of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) that are regularly found at any anatomical site of human body 3. ROLE OF NORMAL
Indigenous Unknowns Lab Report Introduction : Normal flora, which make up about 90% of the cells of a human body, are microbes that live and grow on the body without causing disease under normal conditions.
To cultivate normal flora present on human skin and in the throat using differential selective media. To identify the specific bacteria grown from each region by observing the morphology of the colonies on the agar plates and Gram stained slides.
In this article we will discuss about the normal microflora of different parts of human body. Normal Microflora of the Skin: An average adult human is covered with approximately 2 m 2 of skin. – the use of sulfur in dermatology pdf 2 Normal flora study guide by shayanan includes 39 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
For instance, on the skin, normal flora is made up of bacteria such as staphylococci. In the mouth, bacteria called streptococci can be found. In the mouth, bacteria called streptococci can be found.
The Bacterial Flora of Humans The Normal Flora In a healthy animal, the internal tissues, e.g. blood, brain, muscle, etc., are normally free of microorganisms. On the other hand, the surface tissues, e.g. skin and mucous membranes, are constantly in contact with environmental organisms and become readily colonized by certain microbial species.
• Skin normal flora are generally harmless but it might cause bloodstream infections if skin was penetrated. • Healthcare workers should maintain proper hygiene (skin and clothing) to prevent self infection or transferring infection to patients. Normal Flora in the Skin. EYES •The external surface of the eye is cleaned and protected by tears, mucus, and oil. •Tears, that contain
If transiently disturbed (for example, by washing or use of antibiotics), the resident flora usually promptly reestablishes itself. Rather than causing disease, the resident flora often protects the body against disease-causing organisms.
The skin is an ecosystem composed of 1.8 m 2 of diverse habitats with an abundance of folds, invaginations and specialized niches that support a wide range of microorganisms.
NORMAL BACTERIAL FLORA OF VAGINA Pages with reference to book, From 1 To 3 Nasreen Kirmani (PMRC Research Centre, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. ) The skin and mucous membranes harbour a variety of micro-organisms. These can be arranged into two groups. 1. The resident flora consisting of relatively fixed types of microorganisms regularly found in a given area at …
NORMAL FLORA Is t he microbia l inhabitants of the human body , mostly bac teria, but also fungi and other microorganisms , which in a healthy individual are harmless and beneficial .
Presented to the Third Course on Progress in the Biological Sciences in Relation to Dermatology, University of Cambridge, September 23rd–28th, 1968.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2000) 19:956–959 Q Springer-Verlag 2000 Note Screening for Antimicrobial Resistance in Normal Bacterial Flora of the Skin Using the Replica Plating
The endogenous flora of the skin and some mucous membranes are well known, however, we were unable to find descriptions about normal esophageal flora in literature.
Nanette Silverberg and Stan Block, Uncomplicated Skin and Skin Structure Infections in Children: Diagnosis and Current Treatment Options in the United States, Clinical Pediatrics, 47, 3, (211), (2008).
Normal Microbiota – Normal Microbiota Skin regions have and in some areas it makes up more than 90 percent of the resident aerobic flora Staphylococcus aureus The nose and perineum PowerPoint PPT presentation free to view
Skin bacteria produce fatty acids, which discourage other species from invading Gut bacteria release a number of factors with antibacterial activity. Vaginal Lactobacilli maintain an acid environment The sheer number of bacteria present in the normal flora of the intestine means that these species out-compete others for living space Disadvantages of normal flora Potential for spread into
Normal Flora And Bacteria Identification Biology Essay
13/04/2014 · The Normal Flora In a healthy animal, the internal tissues, e.g. blood, brain, muscle, etc., are normally free of microorganisms. However, the surface tissues, i.e., skin and mucous membranes, are constantly in contact with environmental organisms and become readily colonized by various microbial species.
Normal flora are found in specific areas of the body and often depends on environmental factors such as pH, oxygen concentration, amount of moisture present, etc. Some sites in which native microbial is the skin in which you often find staphylococci, streptococci, diptheriod bacilli, yeast and fungi. You often find staphylococci, streptococci, diotheriod, spirochetes, and members of the genera
Microbial flora of the skin The skin is the primary external coating of the human body. In adults, skin occupies approximately 2.4 square yards (approximately two square meters). Because it is exposed to the environment, the skin is inhabited by a number of bacteria . Over much of the body there are hundreds of bacteria per square inch of skin.
The normal flora of the pharynx includes a large number of species that should be neither fully identified nor reported when observed in throat cultures:
Normal Flora of the Skin• Most common sites are: axilla, groin, web spaces• Staphylococcus epidermidis is the commonest bacterial colonizer which causes infection via insertion of IV catheters• Propionibacterium acnes is other common inhabitant of the skin especially face cause of acne
Normal Microbial Flora of the Skin and Pathogen Bacteria
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Normal Microflora of Different Parts of Human Body

Normal flora study guide by shayanan includes 39 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
Normal Microbiota – Normal Microbiota Skin regions have and in some areas it makes up more than 90 percent of the resident aerobic flora Staphylococcus aureus The nose and perineum PowerPoint PPT presentation free to view
Normal flora can be found in many sites of the human body including the skin (especially the moist areas, such as the groin and between the toes), respiratory tract (particularly the nose), urinary tract, and the digestive tract (primarily the mouth and the colon). On the other hand, areas of the body such as the brain, the circulatory system and the lungs are intended to remain sterile
Normal Flora of the Skin The adult human is covered with approximately 2 square meters of skin. The density and composition of the normal flora of the skin varies with anatomical locale. The high moisture content of the axilla, groin, and areas between the toes supports the activity and growth of relatively high densities of bacterial cells, but the density of bacterial populations at most
Benefits of normal body flora The synthesis and excretion of vitamins The prevention of colonization by other pathogens Normal flora can antagonize other bacteria Normal flora can stimulate the development of certain tissues The stimulation of the production of natural antibodies .
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The normal skin flora use these factors to their survival advantage and live in a symbiotic relationship with the human skin. These microbes have evolved a competitive advantage over the transient skin flora. Under certain circumstances, normal skin flora can become pathogenic and cause overt skin …
The normal flora of humans consists of a few eucaryotic fungi and protists, but bacteria are the most numerous and obvious microbial components of the normal flora. Figure 1. Gram stain of a species of Micrococcus, commonly isolated from the skin and nasal membranes of humans.
Normal flora of Skin 1. WHAT IS NORMAL FLORA ? mixture of microorganisms regularly found at on / within the body of a healthy person. Some of these microorganisms are found in association with humans / animals only. 2. Normal Flora • Definition Normal flora is the mixture of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) that are regularly found at any anatomical site of human body 3. ROLE OF NORMAL
VOL. 43, 2005 NORMAL ORAL BACTERIAL FLORA 5723. obtained by using five to six additional sequencing primers (15) for those species deemed novel. For identification of closest relatives, the sequences of the un-recognized inserts were compared to the 16S rRNA sequences of over 10,000 microorganisms in our database and over 100,000 sequences in the Ribosomal Database Project (7) …
1.3b Normal Commensal and Environmental Flora. Microorganisms are everywhere in the environment and a rich population of microbes (particularly bacteria) reside on and in the human body and is referred to as normal flora.
NORMAL BACTERIAL FLORA OF VAGINA Pages with reference to book, From 1 To 3 Nasreen Kirmani (PMRC Research Centre, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. ) The skin and mucous membranes harbour a variety of micro-organisms. These can be arranged into two groups. 1. The resident flora consisting of relatively fixed types of microorganisms regularly found in a given area at …
determine the normal skin flora in a population group similar to that affected by diaper derma ¬ titis. None of these infants suffered from diar¬ rhea nor had a recent history of diaper der¬ matitis. Meticulous inspection at the time of sampling showed no signs of skin irritation. Accepted for publication Oct 7, 1970. From the departments of dermatology (Dr. Montes and Miss Narkates

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Normal Microbial Flora of the Skin and Pathogen Bacteria from Stool Irence, J., Mohd Hafiz, A. Y., Nur Asma Fhadhila, Z., Nurul Syazwani, M. R., Ravichandran, J. R
The human microbiota is the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on or within any of a number of human tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, biliary and gastrointestinal tracts.
Normal flora of the skin: Benefit Inhibit fungal growth (athlete’s foot) Harm Body odor Acne Opportunistic infections. Normal flora – Conjunctiva Variety of bacteria: low numbers present High moisture Blinking mechanically removes bacteria Lachrymal secretions include lysozyme. Normal flora –UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT SITE COMMON/ MEDICALLY IMPORTANT ORGANISMS LESS …
Bacteria that are part of normal skin flora may be introduced into the blood bag in association with a skin core that enters the collection needle at the time of venisection. 2, 19, 20, 62 This possibility was first proposed in 1991 by Goldman and Blajchman. 19 The removal of the first 10 to 42 mL of donor blood has been shown to significantly decrease the bacterial load in the collection bag
· Normal flora is the mixture of microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) that are regularly found at any anatomical site of human body · They are found in areas like: skin, conjunctiva, respiratory tract, mouth , ears, urogenetal tract and alimentary tract.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2000) 19:956–959 Q Springer-Verlag 2000 Note Screening for Antimicrobial Resistance in Normal Bacterial Flora of the Skin Using the Replica Plating

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Normal Flora of the Skin• Most common sites are: axilla, groin, web spaces• Staphylococcus epidermidis is the commonest bacterial colonizer which causes infection via insertion of IV catheters• Propionibacterium acnes is other common inhabitant of the skin especially face cause of acne
The human microbiota is the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on or within any of a number of human tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, biliary and gastrointestinal tracts.
With over 230 brands and over 5000 products we have a huge, ethical selection of products from make up to skin care to toothbrushes, vegan bags and water bottles.
The skin is an ecosystem composed of 1.8 m 2 of diverse habitats with an abundance of folds, invaginations and specialized niches that support a wide range of microorganisms.
The normal bacterial flora of the human skin has been a problem of interest of studies of the cutaneous flora, in terms of kinds of bacteria present and their.
The normal flora of the pharynx includes a large number of species that should be neither fully identified nor reported when observed in throat cultures:
NORMAL SKIN FLORA 307 tested to find the most satisfactory diluent. These and other procedures resulted in the fol-lowing “standard technic” which was followed in the actual determination of normal skin
Skin bacteria produce fatty acids, which discourage other species from invading Gut bacteria release a number of factors with antibacterial activity. Vaginal Lactobacilli maintain an acid environment The sheer number of bacteria present in the normal flora of the intestine means that these species out-compete others for living space Disadvantages of normal flora Potential for spread into
Normal flora are found in specific areas of the body and often depends on environmental factors such as pH, oxygen concentration, amount of moisture present, etc. Some sites in which native microbial is the skin in which you often find staphylococci, streptococci, diptheriod bacilli, yeast and fungi. You often find staphylococci, streptococci, diotheriod, spirochetes, and members of the genera
Coil, however, is incriminated as a pathogen; it occurs on the skin of the perineum and genitalia and frequently infects wounds that become contaminated with urine or faeces 8, Candida alicam is a member of normal flora of vagina 9.

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13/04/2014 · The Normal Flora In a healthy animal, the internal tissues, e.g. blood, brain, muscle, etc., are normally free of microorganisms. However, the surface tissues, i.e., skin and mucous membranes, are constantly in contact with environmental organisms and become readily colonized by various microbial species.
Normal Flora of the Skin The adult human is covered with approximately 2 square meters of skin. The density and composition of the normal flora of the skin varies with anatomical locale. The high moisture content of the axilla, groin, and areas between the toes supports the activity and growth of relatively high densities of bacterial cells, but the density of bacterial populations at most
The endogenous flora of the skin and some mucous membranes are well known, however, we were unable to find descriptions about normal esophageal flora in literature.
If transiently disturbed (for example, by washing or use of antibiotics), the resident flora usually promptly reestablishes itself. Rather than causing disease, the resident flora often protects the body against disease-causing organisms.
and against the resident skin flora (Lowbury and Lilly, 1973). In the use of a detergent disinfectant preparation, such as Hibiscrub, conditions which were optimal for detergent cleansing cancelled the effects ofthe disinfectant component against super-ficial transient bacteria. In the assessment ofmethods for the removal of transient bacteria, the difference between results that might be
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2000) 19:956–959 Q Springer-Verlag 2000 Note Screening for Antimicrobial Resistance in Normal Bacterial Flora of the Skin Using the Replica Plating
Normal Flora of the Skin Skin is constantly exposed to and is in contact with the environment, the skin is particularly apt to contain transient microorganisms.
• Skin normal flora are generally harmless but it might cause bloodstream infections if skin was penetrated. • Healthcare workers should maintain proper hygiene (skin and clothing) to prevent self infection or transferring infection to patients. Normal Flora in the Skin. EYES •The external surface of the eye is cleaned and protected by tears, mucus, and oil. •Tears, that contain
Normal flora of the skin: Benefit Inhibit fungal growth (athlete’s foot) Harm Body odor Acne Opportunistic infections. Normal flora – Conjunctiva Variety of bacteria: low numbers present High moisture Blinking mechanically removes bacteria Lachrymal secretions include lysozyme. Normal flora –UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT SITE COMMON/ MEDICALLY IMPORTANT ORGANISMS LESS …